Vines and climbing plants have their own location in the pergola. It stretches in an arc around the pond and levee in the northern part of the garden. Here you can see how different genera and species within selected plant families have evolved different climbing strategies to reach sun light.
Climbing plants use various organs, for example tendrils with or without adhesive pads, to get higher. Some use their thorns or spines to hold on to a support as they grow. Many use their stems and shoots and wind themselves up around a support. Woody climbing plants are also called lianas.
The climbing roses (belonging to the genus Rosa) grow in the sunniest part of the pergola. A continued walk through the pleasant shade of the pergola reveals, among other things, a collection of wild species of clematis (Clematis) from different continents. In the spring, before leaves appear, the pergola shows masses of daffodils and other narcissi (Narcissus) in white, yellow and orange.
Daffodil, narcissus and jonquil all belong to the genus Narcissus. They are primarily found around the Mediterranean. Where species overlap, natural hybrids occur. For example, chalice cup narcissus (Narcissus × incomparabilis), is a natural hybrid between daffodil (P. pseudonarcissus) and pheasant's eye (P. poeticus).
Narcissi have a long history of cultivation. They were grown in Scandinavia already in the 16th century. Today there are more than 32 000 cultivars.