The botanical garden extends over an area of 8 hectares and comprise thousands of different plants species and varieties.
The garden is divided into different quarters and plantations, for example:
Hillocks of stones create a wide array of environments that differ in sun exposure, temperature and soil type. Recently, new hillocks made of calcareous stone were added. Common to all hillocks in the rock garden is the good drainage, partly due to the sloping soil. So the hilly landscape is not just there for the good looks of the neighborhood. Most of the plants come from mountain areas and are naturally low-growing and durable. However at our latitude, many prefer a winter coverage of spruce twigs to protect them from frost.
Spice and Medicinal Garden
Spices and medicinal plants have been part of human culture for thousands of years. In this quarter we have made a selection of some of the most important and well-known species. Side by side are deadly poisonous plants, daily culinary spices, magic plants, current medicinal plants, and species that, because of their appearance, have been used to cure diseases (doctrine of signatures). Visitors are adviced to touch, rubb and smell the plants, but not to taste them.
Unfortunately, many people do not know what a potatoe plant look like above ground. In the kitchen garden we try to change this fact by growing a number of our most common food plants and putting them on display. We show various cereal crops, economically important crops from temperate areas such as cabbage and onions, and a variety of pulses. You will also find other plants useful to humans such as fiber plants and those used for dying yarn or fabric.
It is not allowed to pick or harvest fruits and vegetables in the kichen garden. We use the plants, in all stages of their development, in our pedagogic activities. So even if visitors find it a waste of food when the salad plants go into flower, this is important for us in our teaching because we are able to show that salad, with their specific type of inflorescence, in fact belongs to the family of composites.
Linnaeus revolutionized botany in 1735 by introducing the sexual system of plants. In this system, plants were organized in groups according to their number of stamens and pistils. The system was fuctional, but turned out not to reflect natural relationships. The system has been refined over the years, and, from the early 1990’s, analyses of DNA have generated the hypotheses on phylogenetic relationships that science relies on today. In the systematic quarter, those who want to have an overview of the plant world can stroll between the ailes and study similarities and diffences in the spirit of Linneus.
In the ornamental quarters we grow modern varieties of our most common garden plants. Many visitors bring paper and pencils to collect ideas for their own garden. The quarter is divided into blocks with annual and perennial varieties, respectively.
Trees and Shrubs
Many species of trees and shrubs thrive in Skåne's mild climate. Representatives of more than 200 genera can be seen in the botanical garden. Shrubs and trees are spread out across the entire garden and it takes some time to see them all. But it is worth the effort. Some trees are from the time the garden was established, i.e., more than 150 years old by now, and majestic to look at. Examples are the tulip trees (Liriodendron) in the centre of the garden. These trees were considered to be basal among flowering plants in the founder J. G. Agardh's system of evolution, a position confirmed by modern molecular studies. The tulip tree flower is also the logotype of the Botanical Garden in Lund.